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DFS Associates Tax Efficiency Services Tokyo Japan

trusted investment banking company worldwide

How to Invest in Emerging Markets
What are the risks facing emerging markets this year? And will investors who venture in be rewarded? We reveal the funds to add to your portfolio

Elections in Mexico and Brazil, as well as developments in the US, are risks to emerging markets

After a strong 2017, emerging markets are on course for further gains in the coming 12 months and beyond, but, as ever, it’s going to be a bumpy ride, warn analysts.

The MSCI Emerging Markets index returned 37.28% in 2017 – its best performance since 2009 – to add to its 11.19% gain in 2016.

This performance was driven by improving global and regional economies, resilient industrial data in China, continued earnings upgrades for Asian equities and a weak US dollar, says Min Feng, senior investment specialist at Nomura.

But emerging market equities still appear cheap relative to history and other regions. That’s because they are currently recovering from a low base. The commodity price slump between 2013 and 2015 meant the index saw negative returns three years running.

Now, Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell, notes that emerging markets overall are trading at around 1.7 times on a price/book basis, compared with cyclical peaks north of three times.

Still, investing in emerging markets is not for the faint hearted and should only be done with a long-term time frame in mind.

20 Elections in 2018

“Although the current situation is about as calm as emerging markets get, a shock from the developed world would be felt in emerging markets as well,” says Hermes’ Gary Greenberg.

External events such as faster-than-expected US rate rises, North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) talks, increased US protectionism, monetary policy normalization by central banks and increased geo-political tensions pose risks.

As ever, politics will also weigh on emerging markets. There are elections in 20 different countries including Russia, Mexico and Brazil. While the result in Russia shouldn’t spring any surprises, Paul Greer, senior trading for emerging market debt at Fidelity, expects “heightened uncertainty and asset price volatility”.

Then there’s China, where a hard landing is still possible, though most economists do not expect this to happen.

China Tech Firms Still Attractive

Most are still positive on the region. Jan Dehn, head of research at Ashmore, isn’t worried about increased volatility going into elections. He says any extreme mispricing of assets will offer opportunities for investors to outperform the markets.

Tom Wilson, head of emerging market equities at Schroders, forecasts an aggregate growth rate of 4.9% in 2018 – in line with 2017.

A rebalancing in the make-up of the largest companies in the emerging market universe, from commodity-based firms to technology giants, should help with gains.

Jorry Rask Nøddekær, manager of Nordea 1 - Emerging Stars Equity Fund, sees attractive opportunities in Chinese internet and e-commerce names. Nøddekær and the Morningstar Investment Management team also like South Korean and Taiwanese equities.

Tricky 2017 for Aberdeen Emerging Markets

While no fund in the Investment Association Global Emerging Markets sector currently holds a Gold Morningstar Analyst Rating, there are five rated Silver, three of which have four-star performance ratings.

One of these, Aberdeen Emerging Markets, had a “test of character” in 2017, according to Morningstar analyst Mark Laidlaw. It underperformed the MSCI Emerging Markets index by a fifth. This was because the fund is underweight tech names due to the team’s view on valuations and quality. It only added a position in Tencent (00700) in the third quarter of 2017.

Laidlaw still thinks there’s “plenty to like” about the fund, managed by Devan Kaloo, who focuses on quality firms trading at attractive prices. “Over the long term, it has done a strong job for investors.”

Other Silver-rated offerings include Dimensional Emerging Markets Core Equity and T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Equity. On the former, Monika Dutt says its modest bets on investment styles and cost-efficiency should continue to serve patient investors well.

Investment Trust Options

Again, there are no Gold rated closed-end funds and there is only one trust that Morningstar analysts rate as Silver; JPMorgan Emerging Markets (JMG).

Experienced investor Austin Forey takes a long-term approach, focusing on businesses that have attractive earnings, strong balance sheets, excess returns on capital, sustainable competitive advantages, an ability to grow market share and potential to generate significant shareholder value.

The fund is generally overweight financials and consumer staples and underweight energy and materials. Morningstar analyst Simon Dorricott says it is a “high-quality offering”.

DFS Associates Tax Efficiency Services Tokyo Japan’s Executive Information: Case Study

Just like most company owners, you have sacrificed and worked hard for many years to bring your business to where it is now.

However, do you know exactly how much your company is really worth and how do you proceed from there? Many business owners commit the expensive error of looking at their balance sheet to estimate their firm's net worth. The vital gage is to compute the difference between the Financial Value (past revenues) and the full Market Value (potential revenue in the future).

At present, public firms are grabbing so many Tokyo, Japan private firms like never before. Surprisingly, a third of those private firms bought by public firms all have below $5 million annual revenues. Moreover, almost 70% of private firms sold to public firms have annual revenues below $25 million.

DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide, recognized as a leader in mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, tax efficiency and divestitures, especially in the middle tiers of the private sector.

DFS Associates mission is to become an unparalleled global investment-banking firm for the private middle market, especially in providing excellent client service.

Clients will receive a one-of-a-kind mix of high-level Wall-Street capability and extensive middle-market know-how.

DFS Associates Acquisition Services Tokyo Japan on Mergers and Acquisitions: Divestitures


The continuing pursuit for growth and popular drive toward globalization pushes farther the initiation or expansion within Tokyo, Japan as a prime investment target for many global companies. Subsequently, the middle market offers numerous acquisition opportunities in all geographic areas and industry sector.

As such, DFS Associates looks for worldwide acquirers for practically all every M&A transaction the firm undertakes.

Our headquarters are located in Beijing, where our global team operates in close coordination closely with our investment banking experts in the Japan to match middle-market sellers with the widest available network of positive financial acquirers throughout the world. DFS Associates delivers vital information and resources in around 70 countries in the world.

With our firm’s profound cross-border expertise, DFS Associates likewise offers dedicated advisory services to global firms seeking potential Tokyo, Japan middle-market businesses that suit certain acquisition parameters.

DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide, recognized as a leader in mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, tax efficiency and divestitures, especially in the middle tiers of the private sector.

DFS Associates Acquisition Services Tokyo Japan on Mergers and Acquisitions Services for Buyers

DFS Associates take pride in our investment-banking company for its superior quality of our clients, not just in terms of their size but also in the diversity of our exclusive network of private middle-market firms. Our increasing set of sellers includes companies all over the World, all of which operate in various business sectors, such as Manufacturing, Construction & Mining, Transportation, Business Services, Wholesale, Communications & Utilities, and many others.

DFS Associates have deep experience in both international and local deals and continue to seek strategic and financial investors globally for the benefit of our clients.

Prospective buyers may provide information through our secure Buyer Registration Form, allowing us to determine suitable acquisition prospects for closer evaluation. Upon registration, possible acquirers may likewise read our up-to-date acquisition potentials open to them.

Representing Buyers

Our banking company delivers excellent advisory services for Japan and international corporations; private investor groups and others looking to purchase Tokyo, Japan private middle-market firms that satisfy certain acquisition goals. With our deep source of expertise and resources, we can pinpoint profitable investment options not presently available in the open market, providing acquirers to attain their specific goals through the most suitable businesses.

To obtain more information regarding our complete list of buyer services, email us at info@dfsassociates.com.

DFS Associates Tax Efficiency Services Tokyo Japan’s Executive Information: Agenda & Content

PictureDFS Associates Executive Briefing will orient you into the complex process of effectively selling a business, including the following topics:

·        Determining Market Value and why it normally amounts to about 80% of the premium you stand to gain for your business.

·         How and where to locate the most possible buyers.

·         Reasons why successful public firms buy-out private firms, although smaller or not related to their fundamental operations.

·         Choosing the best time to sell in order to maximize a company's selling price.

·         Learning the negotiation skills needed to achieve a successful sale.

·         Reasons why Tokyo, Japan firms are most preferred by global acquirers nowadays.

·         Differentiating between an economic buyer and a strategic buyer.

·         Learning how economic conditions and events influence M&A deals.

DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide, recognized as a leader in mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, tax efficiency and divestitures, especially in the middle tiers of the private sector.

DFS Associates mission is to become an unparalleled global investment-banking firm for the private middle market, especially in providing excellent client service.

DFS Associates Corporate Finance: Selling Restricted Shares

Rule 144: Selling Restricted and Control Securities

When acquiring restricted securities or holding control securities, you have to look for an exemption from the SEC's registration conditions to trade them in the marketplace. Here is how: Rule 144 allows you to resell publicly restricted and control securities by satisfying several requirements. This article will show how to go about it. Likewise, it will also show how to have a restrictive legend removed.

Defining Restricted and Control Securities

Restricted securities are defined as securities obtained in unregistered, private sales from the issuer or from an issuer’s affiliate. Investors normally receive restricted securities through private placement offerings, employee stock benefit plans, Regulation D offerings, as remuneration for professional work, or as an exchange deal for delivering "seed money" or capital to start a company. Rule 144(a)(3) specifically defines what sales create restricted securities.

Control securities are defined as those held by an affiliate of the issuing firm. An affiliate is one who has management control over an issuer, for instance, a director or a majority shareholder. Specifically, management control means the capacity to direct the operations and policies of the firm involved, either through the ownership of voting securities, either by contract or otherwise. Hence, when you acquire securities from an affiliate or a controlling person, you acquire restricted securities, even though that person was not restricted while holding it.

When you take restricted securities, more often than not, you will get a certificate marked "restricted". The mark or legend signifies that you may not resell the securities in the marketplace unless they are SEC- registered or are exempt from the registration conditions. Control securities certificates often do not have such a legend.

What Are the Conditions of Rule 144?

To sell restricted or control securities publicly, follow Rule 144’s requirements. Although the rule does not cover all means for selling restricted or control securities, it provides a protective exemption to sellers, according to the five conditions listed below:

Holding Period. Before you are permitted to sell restricted securities publicly, you need hold them for at a minimum of a year. The one-year period holding period starts from the time the securities were acquired and fully paid for. The holding period only covers restricted securities. Because securities acquired publicly are not restricted, no holding period is required for an affiliate who buys securities of the issuer in the marketplace. However, an affiliate's resale falls under the rule’s other requirements.

Additional securities bought from the issuer do not affect the holding period of similar securities previously purchased. If you acquired restricted securities from another non-affiliate, you can apply on that non-affiliate's holding period to your own holding period. For gifts made by an affiliate, the holding period starts at the time when the affiliate purchased the securities, not at the time it was given. For a stock option that an employee receives, for instance, the holding period always starts from the date the option is exercised, not the time it was received by the employee.

Adequate Current Information. Sufficient current information is required about the issuer of the securities before a sale can be consummated. Generally, this signifies the issuer has satisfied periodic reporting stipulated by Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Trading Volume Formula. Upon expiry of the one-year holding period, the number of shares you are allowed to sell within any three-month period must not be greater than 1% of the outstanding shares of the same class being sold; or if the class is listed on a stock exchange or Nasdaq-quoted, the higher of 1% or the reported weekly trading volume average within the four weeks prior to filing a notice of the sale on Form 144. Over-the-counter stocks, such as those quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board and the Pink Sheets, are permitted for sale using the 1% condition.

Ordinary Brokerage Transactions. Sales have to be implemented in all respects as ordinary trading transactions; and brokers are not allowed to receive above-regular commissions. Both the seller and the broker cannot solicit orders to purchase the securities.

Filing Notice with the SEC. At the time the order was made, you must submit a notice with the SEC on Form 144 if the sale covers over 500 shares or the total amount is more than $10,000 in any three-month duration. The sale must be done within three months of filing the Form and, if the securities have not been traded, you are required to file an amended notice.

If you are not an affiliate of the issuer and hold restricted securities for already two years, you are exempt from the above conditions.

Can the Securities Be Sold Publicly If the Conditions of Rule 144 Have Been Met?

Even after satisfying Rule 144 conditions, you are not allowed to sell your restricted securities publicly until you the legend has been removed from the certificate. The restricted legend can only be removed by a transfer agent. However, the transfer agent will not remove the legend until you have been allowed by the issuer to do so — often through an opinion letter from the issuer's counsel. Without that, the transfer agent is not permitted to remove the legend and consummate the trade in the marketplace.

To commence the process, an investor should get in touch with the firm that issued the securities, or the transfer agent of the firm's securities, to inquire regarding the process for removing a legend. The process of removing the legend can be an intricate step, in case you plan to buy or sell a restricted security.

What If a Dispute Arises Over Whether One Can Remove the Legend?

In case a dispute ensues about whether a restricted legend can be removed or not, the SEC is not obligated to intervene. The question is a matter exclusively left in the hands of the issuer of the securities. State law, not federal law, supervises such disputes regarding legend removal. As such, the SEC will not get involved in any decision or issue about removing a restrictive legend.

DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide, recognized as a leader in mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, tax efficiency and divestitures, especially in the middle tiers of the private sector. DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide.

DFS Associates Acquisition Services Tokyo Japan’s Mergers and Acquisitions for Seller

DFS Associates helps business owners achieve their goals through the intricate process of selling their business, with us providing specialized knowhow, expertise, insight and technical support. Our senior transaction experts have decades of middle-market M&A track record and are directed engaged involved in each deal.

Our process begins with a meticulous assessment to pinpoint the value of a business as well as the prospective market choices available. The client can then opt to pursue a viable sale transaction.


Our company designs extensive marketing tools, such as an Information Memorandum that satisfies SEC guidelines, including a one-page summary called a Précis. Likewise, we develop a comprehensive list of potential buyers utilizing our numerous contacts and databases of strategic investors from all over the world.

The step involves seeking and evaluating client-approved potential buyers and strategizing with the client to choose the most viable deal structure and terms.


DFS Associates then execute the deal by helping the client appraise different tenders from buyers, keeping in mind the best interests of the client, from the inception of the transaction, through due diligence, to its completion.

DFS Associates Tax Efficiency Services Tokyo Japan’s Executive Information: The Overview

DFS Associates conducts Executive Briefings aimed at presenting a general perspective of the professional M&A procedure and how it can work within the middle market – principally in terms of firms having revenues ranging from $3 million to $500 million.

If you sit down in one of these intensive, day-long briefings, you can get a deeper appreciation of the requirements for a successful sale of a private firm while optimizing its selling price, namely:
·         How to determine the real market value of the property
·         Seeking and pinpointing premium buyers
·         Reasons for global international buyers’ preference for Tokyo, Japan private firms
·         The value of proper timing, and many more

Our briefings are made available to chosen private middle-market firms from sectors with high rates of acquisitions. Less than 3% of Tokyo, Japan firms will qualify to attend these briefings.

Why you can depend on DFS Associates Corporate Finance
DFS Associates is recognized as a trusted investment banking company worldwide, recognized as a leader in mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, tax efficiency and divestitures, especially in the middle tiers of the private sector.

The firm’s financial experts possess a broad spectrum of experience and involvement in assisting numerous business owners in assessing, enhancing, improving and selling their businesses and minimizing Capital Gain tax payments. Clients will receive a one-of-a-kind mix of high-level Wall-Street capability and extensive middle-market know-how, derived through many years of direct engagement as entrepreneurs and as professional counselors to mid-sized businesses owners.

How Tax Minimization Can Help Save

How Tax Minimization Can Help SaveIn general, every country has a law requiring payment of capital gains tax must on any sales proceeds arising from the sale of property, securities, and other financial assets. In recent years, some of our top-dollar customers have earned considerable capital gains in the stock market, raising their tax classification bracket. Hence, we aim to find ways to match these clients’ portfolios with unproductive shares (ones that are at present selling at a net loss) to balance out their taxable income.

How can we serve your needs?

How can we serve your needs?

In recent years, the unpredictable conditions and bad choices made in the securities markets have led to financial losses suffered by many people, causing a net loss in their portfolio. Through selling your present holdings for high-value securities, you can essentially recover any previous losses while our clients can take advantage of a reduced taxable income. In the end, our clients can increase their earnings and reduce their tax by exchanging some of their holdings for your non-performing investments while saving on capital gains tax by not trading their shares in the open market.